Master Idris Notes


Types

  • Enumerated types—Types defined by giving the possible values directly
    • data Bool = False | True
  • Union types—Enumerated types that carry additional data with each value
    • data Shape = Triangle Double Double | Rectangle Double Double | Circle Double
  • Recursive types—Union types that are defined in terms of themselves
    • data Nat = Z | S Nat
  • Generic types—Types that are parameterized over some other types
    • data Either a b = Left a | Right b
    • data Maybe val = Nothing | Just val
  • Dependent types—Types that are computed from some other value.
    • Vect : Nat -> Type -> Type : The type depends on its length
    • anyVect : (n ** Vect n String). The function is created kind of ad hoc once the data comes in, rather than beforehand.

Functions

  • span finds the first space in an input
  • unpack : String -> List Char converts a String into a list of characters.
  • isDigit : Char -> Bool returns whether a Char is one of the digits 0–9.
  • all : (a -> Bool) -> List a -> Bool returns whether every entry in a list satisfies a test.
  • cast : cast operation? change type from one to another
  • pure : IO wrapper for value
  • printLin : Show a => a -> IO () displays value at console directly

Programs

  • While everything is brought together in main, the program is started by calling :exec from the repl, not main
  • IO is an interactive program that returns a description of an IO action. Think recipe rather than execution
  • Sometimes you need to pass result of executed function in the repl with >>= printLn
  • Functions can be chained in the repl with bind i.e. :exec readVect >>= printVect